Friday, July 28, 2017
Exposure to Same-Race Teachers Reduces Exclusionary Disciplinary Outcomes for Black Students
Using student-level administrative data from North Carolina, this study explores whether exposure to same-race teachers affects the rate at which Black students receive exclusionary discipline, such as out-of-school suspensions, in-school suspensions, and expulsion.
The study finds consistent evidence that exposure to same-race teachers is associated with reduced rates of exclusionary discipline for Black students. This relationship holds for elementary, middle, and high school grade ranges for male and female students, and for students who do and do not use free and reduced-price lunch.
Although there are reductions in referrals for a number of different types of offenses, particularly consistent evidence shows that exposure to same-race teachers lowers office referrals for willful defiance across all grade levels. This suggests to the authors that teacher discretion plays a role in driving our results.