Monday, January 23, 2017
Compulsory High School Math Can Help Close Racial Gaps
Despite great focus on and public investment in STEM education, little causal evidence connects quantitative coursework to students’ economic outcomes.
This study shows that state changes in minimum high school math requirements substantially increase black students’ completed math coursework and their later earnings. The marginal student’s return to an additional math course is 10 percent, roughly half the return to a year of high school, and is partly explained by a shift toward more cognitively skilled occupations. Whites’ coursework and earnings are unaffected. Rigorous standards for quantitative coursework can close meaningful portions of racial gaps in economic outcomes.