The Institute of Education Sciences released a paper (Nov. 28) which provides a selective overview of recent research on executive function and explores its implications on education practice and research. This paper, entitled Executive Function: Implications for Education, was sponsored by the National Center for Education Research (NCER) and the National Center for Special Education Research (NCSER).
Executive function (EF) skills are the attention-regulation skills that make it possible to sustain attention, keep goals and information in mind, refrain from responding immediately, resist distraction, tolerate frustration, consider the consequences of different behaviors, reflect on past experiences, and plan for the future.
In this paper, the authors highlight some key findings on EF and focus on its relevance to education research and practice. This paper's primary audience includes graduate students and others conducting advanced study in the fields of education, developmental psychology, educational neuroscience, and public policy, as well as other interested education researchers and stakeholders.
Topics include the following:
- An Introduction to Executive Function
- The Role That Executive Function Plays in Learning and Adaptation
- Assessment of Executive Function
- Developmental Change in Executive Function
- Individual Differences in Executive Function Development
- Malleability of Executive Function
- Overall Summary, Directions for Future Research, and Implications for Educational Policy and Practice