Research finds that small high schools deliver better outcomes than large high schools for urban students. An important outstanding question is whether this better performance is gained at the expense of losses elsewhere: Does small school reform lift the whole district?
This paper explores New York City’s small
high school reform in which hundreds of new small high schools were
in less than a decade, using rich individual
student data on four cohorts of New York City high school students and
effects of schools on student outcomes.
suggest that the introduction of small schools improved outcomes for
in all types of schools: large, small, continuously
operating, and new. Small school reform lifted all boats.