Monday, January 21, 2013
The Effects of Guaranteed Admission: the Texas 10% Plan
The Texas 10% law states that students who graduated among the top 10% of their high school class are guaranteed admission to public universities in Texas.
The authors of this study estimate the causal effects of this admissions guarantee on a sequence of connected decisions: students' application behavior, admission decisions by the university, students' enrollment choices conditional on admission; as well as the resulting college achievement.
The authors identify these effects by comparing students just above and just below the top 10% rank cutoff. The authors find that students react to incentives created by the admissions guarantee - for example, by reducing applications to competing private universities.
The results also suggest that the effects of the admissions guarantee depend on the university and the type of students it attracts, and that the law is binding and alters the decisions of the admissions committees.
There was little evidence that the law increases diversity or leads to meaningful mismatch for the marginal student admitted.